- gauge [gāj]n.[ME < NormFr: see the GAUGE vt.]1. a standard measure or scale of measurement2. dimensions, capacity, thickness, etc.3. any device for measuring something, as the thickness of wire, the dimensions of a machined part, the amount of liquid in a container, steam pressure, etc.4. any means of estimating or judging5. the distance between the rails of a rail track: cf. STANDARD GAUGE, BROAD GAUGE, NARROW GAUGE6. the distance between parallel wheels at opposite ends of an axle7. the size of a bore, esp. of a shotgun, expressed in terms of the number per pound of round lead balls of a diameter equal to that of the bore8. the thickness of sheet metal, diameter of wire, etc.9.a) a measure of the fineness of a knitted or crocheted fabricb) the fineness of a machine-knitted fabric expressed in terms of the number of loops per 11/ 2 inches10. Naut. the position of a ship in relation to another ship and the wind [a sailboat that has the weather gauge of another boat is to windward of it]11. Plastering the amount of plaster of Paris used with common plaster to hasten its setting: Usually GAGE1 in technical sensesvt.gauged, gauging [ME gaugen < NormFr gaugier, prob. < VL * gallicare < ?]1. to measure accurately by means of a gauge2. to measure the size, amount, extent, or capacity of3. to estimate; judge; appraise4. to bring to correct gauge; make conform with a standard5. Masonry to cut or rub (bricks or stone) to a desired shape6. Plastering to mix (plaster) in the proportions required for a specified setting timeSYN.- STANDARDgaugeableadj.
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.